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Max-Born-Institute, Berlin, Germany


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MBI conducts basic research in the field of nonlinear optics and ultrafast dynamics of the interaction of light with matter and pursues applications that emerge from this research. It develops and uses ultrafast and intense lasers and laser-driven short-pulse light sources in a broad spectral range in combination with methods of nonlinear spectroscopy and time-resolved structure research. At MBI, lasers and secondary, laser-driven light sources represent both a subject of research and an essential tool for experimental studies of light-matter interactions. This research emphasizes the generation and application of atto- and femtosecond pulses, of high power few-cycle pulses in the infrared (IR) and mid-infrared (mid-IR) range with a stable carrier envelope phase, and of highly stable and tunable sources covering a very wide spectral range from terahertz (THz) radiation up to hard X-ray wavelengths. MBI makes considerable efforts to offer services and facilities to the regional, national and international scientific community, prominent example being the LASERLAB-EUROPE project. MBI shares its facilities and scientific know-how with external researchers to mutual benefit, and is involved in a large number and variety of cooperative research projects with universities, other research institutions and industrial partners. Strong synergies exist between the research at MBI and large-scale facilities such as XFEL and ELI, where MBI provides prototype solutions.

  MBI 04.2011

Excellence: Development of ultrashort and ultra-intense pulsed laser sources in a broad spectral range. Relevant applications in different research areas, ranging from atomic, molecular, and cluster, and surface physics to the physics of condensed matter, including magnetic materials and biological structures. Main research areas include attosecond physics, strong field physics and ultrafast phenomena in condensed matter.


- Soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy of aqueous solutions using a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray source, C. Kleine et al., J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 52 (2019)
- Coherent diffractive imaging of single helium nanodroplets with a high harmonic generation source, D. Rupp et al., Nature Communications 8, 493/1-6 (2017)
- Extreme-ultraviolet refractive optics, L. Drescher et al., Nature 564, 91-94 (2018)
- Few-femtosecond passage of conical intersections in the benzene cation, M. C. E. Galbraith et al., Nature Communications 8, 1018/1-7 (2017)
- In situ single-shot diffractive fluence mapping for X-ray free-electron laser pulses, M. Schneider et al., Nature Communications 9, 214/1-6 (2018)